Thiruvananthapuram /t̪iruʋənɨn̪t̪əpurəm/ known in English as Trivandrum /trɨˈvændrəm/, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. Referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as the “Evergreen city of India”, the city is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills and busy commercial alleys. It is an IT hub of the state with over 80% of the state’s software exports. Trivandum is home to several educational institutions including the University of Kerala, and to many science and technology institutions. It is also considered as one of the 10 greenest cities in India. Thiruvananthapuram was ranked as the best city in Kerala to live in by a recent Times of India survey. The city is well connected by train, road and also has an International airport.